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 BRITISH ARTILLERY IN WORLD WAR 2

 

Updated 14 June 2014

 

 

 

CONTENTS

 

FIELD REGIMENTS RAA

 

MEDIUM REGIMENTS RAA

 

SURVEY REGIMENTS RAA

 

ANTI-TANK REGIMENTS RAA

 

OTHER UNITS

 

 FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENTS OF THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ARTILLERY IN WORLD WAR 2

Before 1939 the Australian Military Forces comprised a small permanent force, mainly instructors and staff officers, and the partially conscripted Militia that could only serve within the Australian area.  The 2nd Australian Imperial Force (2AIF) was an all volunteer force formed for overseas service, with a high percentage of men who had served in the Militia.  2AIF units had the prefix '2/' to their unit numbers.  The 2AIF divisions were numbered 6 - 9, following on from 1 - 5 that comprised the 1st AIF that served in WW1.

Explanation of the abbreviations in the following tables are given after the British tables.

FIELD REGIMENTS RAA

Regiment

Type

Origin/Change

 Where - When - With

Disposal

1 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Newcastle 1939 - 1 Inf Div
Australia 1942 - 10 Div
Australia 1944 - NT Force

 

2 Fd Regt

Mil 

 

Melbourne 1939 - 3 Inf Div
Australia 1942 - 3 Div
New Guinea - 1944 - 3 Div
Bougainville - 1944-5 - 3 Div 

 

3 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Perth 1939 - Western Comd
Australia 1942 - 4 Div

Disb 1 Jun 44

4 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Melbourne 1939 - 3 Inf Div
Australia 1942 - 3 Div
New Guinea - 1944 - 7 & 3 Divs
Bougainville - 1944-5 - 3 Div

 

5 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Brisbane 1939 - Northern Comd
Australia 1942 - 5 Div

Disb 12 Aug 44

6 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Hobart 1939 - 6 Military District
Australia 1942 - 12 Bde Gp

Disb 24 Mar 44

7 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Sydney 1939 - 1 Inf Div
Australia 1942 - 2 Div

 

8 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Melbourne 1939 - 3 Inf Div
Australia 1942 - 3 Div

 

9 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Sydney 1939 - 2 Inf Div
Australia 1942 - 1 Div

Disb 24 Mar 44

10 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Melbourne 1939 - 4 Inf Div
Australia 1942 - 4 Div

 

11 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Brisbane 1939 - Northern Comd
Australia 1942 - NT Force

 

12 Fd Regt

Mil

F /42

Australia 1942 - 2 Corps Troops

Disb 15 Aug 44

13 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Adelaide 1939 - 4 Military District
New Guinea 1942 - New Guinea Force
Australia 1944 - 11 Div  

 

14 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Sydney 1939 - 2 Inf Div
New Guinea 1942 - New Guinea Force
New Guinea 1943 - 9 Div

 

15 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Adelaide 1939 - 4 Inf Div
Australia 1942 - 4 Div

 

16 Fd Regt

Mil

F /42

Australia 1942 - 1 Armd Div
Australia 1944 - 2 Army Troops

 

17 Fd Regt

Mil

F /42

Australia 1942 - 2 Div

 

18 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Goulburn 1939 - 2 Inf Div
Australia 1942 - 2 Div

Disb 24 Mar 44

21 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Sydney 1939 - 1 Cav Div
Australia 1942 - 1 Motor Div

Merged with 22 Fd Regt

22 Fd Regt

Mil

 

Melbourne 1939 - 2 Cav Div
Australia 1942 - 2 Motor Div

Merged with 21 Fd Regt

21/22 Fd Regt

Mil

 

 

Disb 30 Nov 43

2/1 Fd Regt

AIF

F 10/39 NSW

Australia 1939-40 - 6 Aust Div
Mid East 1940 - 6 Aust Div
N Africa 1941 - 6 Aust Div
Greece 1941 - 6 Aust Div
Mid East 1941- 6 Aust Div
Ceylon - 1942 - 6 Aust Div
New Guinea 1942 - New Guinea Force
New Guinea - 1944-5 - 6 Aust Div

Disb 2/46

2/2 Fd Regt

AIF

F 10/39 Vic

Australia 1939-40 - 6 Aust Div
Mid East 1940 - 6 Aust Div
N Africa 1941 - 6 Aust Div
Greece 1941 - 6 Aust Div
Crete 1941
Mid East 1941- 6 Aust Div 
Ceylon - 1942 - 6 Aust Div 
New Guinea - 1944-5 - 6 Aust Div

Disb 1/46

2/3 Fd Regt

AIF

F 11/39 S Australia & N Territory

Australia 1939-40 - 6 Aust Div
UK 1940 - 18 Aust Inf Bde
N Africa 1941 - 6 Aust Div
Greece 1941 - 6 Aust Div  
Crete 1941
Mid East 1941- 6 Aust Div 
New Guinea - 1944-5 - 6 Aust Div

Disb 1/46

2/4 Fd Regt

AIF

F 4/40 Vic

Australia 1940 - 7 Aust Div
Mid East 1941 - 7 Aust Div
Syria 1941- 7 Aust Div
Australia 1942 - 7 Aust Div
New Guinea - 1943-4 - 7 Aust Div
Australia 1944 - 7 Aust Div 
Borneo 1945 - 7 Aust Div 

Disb 2/46

2/5 Fd Regt

AIF

F 10/39 Qld
F 4/40 NSW

Australia 1939 - 6 Aust Div
Australia 1940 - 7 Aust Div 
Mid East 1941 - 7 Aust Div
Syria 1941- 7 Aust Div 
Australia 1942 - 7 Aust Div
New Guinea 1942 - 7 Aust Div
Australia 1944 - 7 Aust Div  
Borneo 1945 - 7 Aust Div  

To 1 ATk Regt 3/40
Disb 2/46

2/6 Fd Regt

AIF

F 4/40 Sydney

Australia 1940 - 7 Aust Div 
Mid East 1941 - 7 Aust Div
Syria 1941- 7 Aust Div 
Australia 1942 - 7 Aust Div
New Guinea 1942-3 - 7 & 3 Aust Divs
Australia 1944 - 7 Aust Div  
Borneo 1945 - 7 Aust Div  

Disb 4/46

2/7 Fd Regt

AIF

F 4/40 SA & WA

Australia 1940 - 9 Aust Div
N Africa 1941 - 9 & 7 Aust Divs
N Africa 1942 - 9 Aust Div 
El Alamein 10/42 - 9 Aust Div 
Australia 1943-4 - 9 Aust Div 
Borneo 1945 - 9 Aust Div

Disb 1/46

2/8 Fd Regt

AIF

F /40

Australia 1940 - 9 Aust Div
N Africa 1941 - 9 & 7 Aust Divs
N Africa 1942 - 9 Aust Div  
El Alamein 10/42 - 9 Aust Div 
Australia 1943-4 - 9 Aust Div 
Borneo 1945 - 9 Aust Div 

 

2/9 Fd Regt

AIF

F /40

Australia 1940 - 1 Corps Troops
Mid East 1941 -  Aust Corps Troops
Syria 1941 - Aust Corps Troops & 6 Inf Div
Australia 1944 -  Corps Troops

Disb 12/45

2/10 Fd Regt

AIF

F 6/40

Australia 1940 - 8 Aust Div 
Malaya 1941-2 - 8 Aust Div

Lost 2/42

2/11 Fd Regt

AIF

F 7/40 Vic

Australia 1940 - 1 Aust Corps Troops
Mid East 1941 -  Aust Corps Troops
Syria 1941 - Aust Corps Troops 
New Guinea - 1944 - 1 Aust Army Troops
Bougainville - 1944-5 - 3 Aust Div 

Disb 1/46

2/12 Fd Regt

AIF

Fm 2/2 Med Regt  10/40

Australia 1940 - 9 Aust Div 
N Africa 1941 - 9 Aust Div
Tobruk 1941 - 9 Aust Div
N Africa 1942 - 9 Aust Div 
El Alamein 10/42 - 9 Aust Div
New Guinea - 1943 - 9 Aust Div
Australia 1944 - 9 Aust Div  
Borneo 1945 - 9 Aust Div 

Disb 3/46

2/13 Fd Regt

AIF

Fm 2/1 Med Regt 10/40

Australia 1940 - 1 Corps Troops

To 2/1 Med Regt 9/41

2/14 Fd Regt

AIF

F 10/40 Vic & SA

Australia 1940 - 8 Aust Div
New Guinea - 1944 - 5 Aust Div 
New Britain - 1944-5 - 5 Aust Div 

Disb 1/46

2/15 Fd Regt

AIF

F 11/40

Australia 1940 - 8 Aust Div
Malaya 1941-2 - 8 Aust Div

Lost 2/42

Militia regiments did not change their designation from 'Fd Bde' to 'Fd Regt' until 1940, having retained the old battery organisation. 2AIF regiments were formed as regiments with 2 btys each with 12 guns.  However, these batteries also comprised two troops of 18-pdr and one of 4.5-inch How.

2AIF batteries were number sequentially from 1 in 2/1 Fd Regt.  When the revised three battery organisation was introduced the third batteries were sequentially numbered from 51 in 2/1 Fd Regt.

MEDIUM REGIMENTS RAA

Regiment

Type

Origin/Change

 Where - When - With

Disposal

1 Med Regt

Mil

 

Australia 1940 - 2 Inf Div
Australia 1942 - 2 Corps Troops

 Disb 22 Sep 43

2 Med Regt

Mil

Reformed 12/44

Australia 1940 - 4 Inf Div
Australia 1942 - 3 Corps Troops
Australia 1941 - 1 Corps Troops 

 

2/1 Med Regt

AIF

F 4/40
Fm 2/13 Fd Regt 9/41

Australia 1940
Mid East 1941- 1 Aust Corps
Australia 1942 - 1 Corps Troops
Australia 1944 - 11 Div  

To 2/13 Fd Regt 10/40

2/2 Med Regt

AIF

F 4/40 S Australia

Australia 1940

To 2/12 Fd Regt 10/40

In the SW Pacific independent lettered batteries, originally formed as mobile coast defence units and equipped with 155mm guns, were also used in the field role.  See Other Units, below.

SURVEY REGIMENTS RAA

Regiment

Type

Origin/Change

 Where - When - With

Disposal

1 Svy Regt

Mil

 

Australia 1942 - 1 Army Troops

Disb 6/42

2 Svy Regt

Mil

 

Australia 1942 - 2 Army Troops

Disb 6/42

2/1 Svy Regt

AIF

F /40

Australia 1940 - 1 Corps Troops
Mid East 1940 -
Australia 1942 - 1 Corps Troops

Disb 6/42

In the SW Pacific survey and flash spotting operated as independent batteries.

 ANTI-TANK REGIMENTS RAA

Regiment

Type

Origin/Change

Where - When - With

Disposal

101 ATk Regt

Mil

F 1941

Australia 1942 - 5 Inf Div

Disb 29 Dec 43

102 ATk Regt
102 Tk Attk Regt 6/43

Mil

F 1941

Australia 1942 - 1 Motor Div

 

103 ATk Regt
103 Tk Attk Regt 6/43

Mil

F 1941

Australia 1942 - 10 Inf Div

  Disb 10 Jun 44

104 ATk Regt
104 Tk Attk Regt 6/43

Mil

F 1941

Australia 1942 - 2 Inf Div

  Disb 10 Aug 44

105 ATk Regt
105 Tk Attk Regt 6/43

Mil

F 1941

Australia 1942 - 2 Motor Div

 

106 ATk Regt
106 Tk Attk Regt 1943

Mil

F 1941

Australia 1942 - 3 Inf Div

  Disb 19 Oct 44

107 ATk Regt
107 Tk Attk Regt 1943

Mil

F 1941

Australia 1942 - 3 Corps Tps

 

108 ATk Regt
108 Tk Attk Regt 1943

Mil

F 1941

Australia 1942 - 1 Armd Div

 

109 ATk Regt
109 Tk Attk Regt 1943

Mil

F 1941

Australia 1942 - 4 Inf Div

 

110 ATk Regt
110 Tk Attk Regt 1943

Mil

F 1941

Australia 1942 - 12 Bde Gp

 

111 ATk Regt
111 Tk Attk Regt 1943

Mil

F 1941

Australia 1942 - 1 Inf Div

 

112 Tk Attk Regt

Mil

 

 

Disb 7 Jun 44

1 ATk Regt
2/1 ATk Regt 1941
2/1 Tk Attk Regt 1943

AIF

Fm 2/5 Fd Regt 3/40
Reformed 9/40

UK 1940
Mid East 1940-2 - 6 Inf Div
Greece 1941 - 6 Inf Div
Ceylon 1942 - 6 Inf Div
New Guinea 1944-5 - 6 Inf Div

Broken up 6/40

2 ATk Regt
2/2 ATk Regt 1941
2/2 Tk Attk Regt 1943

AIF

F Brisbane 5/40

Mid East 1941-2 7 Inf Div
Syria 1941- 7 Inf Div 
Australia 1942 - 7 Inf Div
Australia 1944 - 7 Inf Div 
Borneo 1945 - 7 Inf Div

 

3 ATk Regt
2/3 ATk Regt 1941
2/3 Tk Attk Regt 1943

AIF

F Sydney 7/40

N Africa 1941-2 - 9 Inf Div
Tobruk 1941 - 9 Inf Div
El Alamein 10/42 - 9 Inf Div
Australia 1944 - 7 Inf Div 
Borneo 1945 - 7 Inf Div 

Disb 5/46

4 ATk Regt
2/4 ATk Regt 1941

AIF

Fm Inf ATk Coys 8/41

Malaya 1941-2 - 8 Inf Div

Lost 2/42

2AIF anti-tank batteries were number sequentially from 1 in 1/1 Atk Regt.  Anti-Tank Regiments were renamed 'Tank Attack Regiments' in mid 1943.

 OTHER UNITS

Two independent mountain batteries were formed in 1942 and 1943.  In 1942 eight 155-mm mobile coast batteries (A - H Heavy Batteries) were formed and equipped with ex-US 155-mm Guns M1917/1918, which were US built version of the French GPF.  Although their purpose was coast defence some fired in support of ground forces in New Guinea.

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  Copyright 2002 - 2014 Nigel F Evans. All Rights Reserved.